Xinjiang religion

xinjiang religion Rome (AsiaNews) - "It's a new Cultural Revolution": this most frequent online comment in reaction to photos of the church of Yining (Xinjiang) stripped of the crosses that stood on the building Ethnic Turkic-speaking Uighurs in China have long faced restrictions relating mainly to the practice of their religion, Islam. The government is Xinjiang is not as closed to religion as some people make out. Logical, perhaps. By Gerry Shih The Associated Press Sunday Chinese authorities in the heavily Muslim region of Xinjiang have ensnared tens The Xinjiang region, more than anywhere else in China, has demonstrated how Xi Jinping, is determined to redraw the boundaries of what is permitted in religion, Liang Zheng, a researcher of Chinese media at Xinjiang University in Urumqi, analyzed several state newspapers as part of his doctoral dissertation, hoping to shine a light on the media’s The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Xinjiang was precious to China when the Silk Road was the major trade route into China but proved hard to control. Most of the Xinjiang projects were launched in 2017, a year in which Hikvision and Dahua’s revenues grew by 30 and 40 percent respectively, Suspects flagged for practicing their religion. China is detaining hundreds of thousands of ethnic Uyghur and Kazakh Muslims; Inside, they are subject to abuse in an attempt to 're-educate' them away from their religion China's policy of "sinification" of religion has increasingly alarmed many in other Muslim groups, who fear the government is widening strict curbs in Xinjiang to additional Muslim areas, such as Following the Congress, tougher rules on religion were implemented on Feb. In response, the World Uyghur Congress posted an announcement on May 14 urging the Chinese government to allow for freedom of religion and to respect the rights of ethnic The government strongly denies committing any abuses in Xinjiang and insists the legal, cultural and religious rights of the Uighur people are fully protected. The basin surrounding Turpan has been the long-time haunt of the Uyghurs (a mixed Turki-Mongol ethnic group that is the majority in Xinjiang Provence). The Mountain Tajiks in China are adherents of the Aga Khani Nizari Ismaili sect of Shia Islam, and are still a 1 Religious Institutions and the Impact of Inter-Ethnic Inequality on Conflict: the Case of Xinjiang, China Xun Cao, Penn State University Haiyan Duan, East China University of Political Science and Law Xinjiang Authorities Implement Ramadan Curbs Amid Renewed Pledges for Tight Controls Over Religion October 11, 2011 Authorities in Xinjiang have continued to exert tight controls over the Muslim holiday of Ramadan, which occurred this year in August. The article explains why the Uyghurs are under China's harsh restriction and analyzes the future policies the PRC will adopt and possible reactions from the Uyghur side. Taoism and Confucianism are two examples of philosophical beliefs in China that also carry a religious element. registration is required. It is the Following attacks by radical Muslim separatists, hundreds of thousands of members of the Uighur and Kazakh Muslim minorities in Xinjiang have been arbitrarily detained in indoctrination camps where they are forced to denounce Islam and profess loyalty to the party. Although Xinjiang is not the cradle of any global religion, it’s the critical zone where various religions spread and evolve. “These people have the freedom of religion under the Chinese Constitution. The historical name of the region is East Turkestan. An Islamic name ban has been put in place by the Chinese government in Muslim majority Xinjiang. . Geng added that all people in China "fully enjoy freedom of religion in accordance with the law". Here is a look at one of the most complex and fascinating historical narratives in Asia. (Photo: Boaz Rottem /agefotostock/Newscom) religion, and speech. Today, the Uighurs form the second-biggest Muslim population in China. Xinjiang Volkswagen to sell products in Central Asia SAIC Volkswagen's Xinjiang facility is likely to sell products to Central Asia next year. Both Uyghur and Han Communist officials in Turpan turn a blind eye to the law and allow religious Islamic education for Uyghur children. Until a decade or two ago, Xinjiang’s Uighurs wore their religion lightly, known more for their singing, dancing and drinking than their observation of the pieties of their faith. A series of violent incidents in China involving Uyghurs has focused increasing attention on the Turkic Muslim minority group and on the religious and political situation in their homeland, China’s vast northwestern province known as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR or East Turkistan). One U. KUCHA, China (CNN) --In China's remote northwest region of Xinjiang, Islam thrives among the ethnically Turkic group called Uighurs. Herders ride horses as they fight for a goat during a Buzkashi game at a winter festival in Yili, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, January 7. FILE - In this Nov. Today, the freedom of religious belief in Xinjiang cannot be matched by that in any other historical period, and is undeniable to anyone who respects the facts. Near Shihezi there are two Buddhist temples with people openly practicing there faith. An Uighur girl minds watermelons and other fruit sold on the streets of Kashgar, in China's Xinjiang province. “The aim is firstly to strongly intimidate the population in order to exert control and ensure social compliance, and secondly to discourage any practice of religion, driving people towards secularization,” Zenz told Al Bawaba in an interview. 4, 2017 photo, residents past through one of the many security check points in Kashgar in western China's Xinjiang region. At present, the major religions in Xinjiang are Islam, Buddhism, Protestantism, Catholicism and Taoism. " said Wu Xinhua, Xinjiang Director, Archaeological Inst. Xinjiang, roughly half the size of India, is a historic crossroads, sharing a border with The Chinese government is conducting a mass, systematic campaign of human rights violations against Muslims in the far western region of Xinjiang, a new Human Rights Watch (HRW) reportclaims. This combination of ethnicity and religion also The Chinese government suspects every religion as capable of terrorism, separatism and extremism, as seen in the new regulations launched last February. INTRODUCTION – Conceptualizing Ethnic Identity Currently, the Uyghurs make up the majority of the population in Xinjiang. “It considers their distinct identity, their religion, their culture, their language as evidence of political disloyalty, of separatism. More on this story. In extrajudicial indoctrination camps around Xinjiang, ethnic Uighur men The Tajiks in Xinjiang of China, Religion Edit. Since the 1950s millions of Chinese have migrated into Xinjiang and, by their sheer numbers, have put an end to the Uygur's hope for an independent homeland. The April 1990 armed uprising in Baren marked an increase in Uyghur Muslim violence in Xinjiang, China. (Urumqi, Xinjiang—May 17, 2018) Ramadan, a holy month in the Islamic faith, began on May 17, and as usual, the local governments in Xinjiang have forbade all celebrations. Xinjiang (Chinese: 新疆省; pinyin: Xīnjiāng shěng; or Sinkiang) refers to a former province of the Republic of China. A In Turpan and Hami, religion is viewed more positively by China than religion in Kashgar and Khotan in southern Xinjiang. China has introduced rules banning the spread of religion to children The latest rules apply to China's Muslim region of Xinjiang Those found encouraging children into religious activities will be Xinjiang is an area of special concern because of the region’s ethnic and religious ties to neighboring states, as well as an increase in attacks against government workers and civilians in Outside of Xinjiang, the effects of the crackdown are felt most keenly in neighbouring Kazakhstan, They would say, there is no religion. The U. A Chinese campaign to forcibly assimilate ethnic Uyghurs in its north-western province of Xinjiang in a bid to erase nationalist sentiment, counter militancy, and create an ‘Uyghur Islam with Chinese characteristics’ ignores lessons learnt not only from recent Chinese history but also the Xinjiang is now a totalitarian police state of historic proportions — it is widely cited as one of the most heavily policed places in the world today. k. BEIJING — As the Communist Party struggles to tamp down a deadly wave of ethnic violence in Xinjiang, the Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, has called for tighter state control over religion and for Xinjiang Province - The Islamic Jihad Battlefront in China the Islamic jihadists of the northwestern province of Xinjiang and surrounding areas. But many resent restrictions on UNESCO should raise these issues with China as a matter of urgency, and launch an independent investigation into the situation in Xinjiang to ascertain if the conditions necessary to safeguard ICH are present, namely ownership of the process of safeguarding by practitioners and communities, underpinned by freedom of speech, religion, and assembly. The Altai , Tian Shan , and Kunlun mountains frame the region to the n , w , and s respectively. Xinjiang has large and very high mountain ranges, the Silk Road city of Kashgar which retains the atmosphere of its major trading post days, and arid Turpan, the lowest land in China, with its ancient ruins and irrigation system, and grape production. Besides, China has often said that "sincising" religion is important to combat hostile forces in China. For thousands of years it has been a multi-ethnic region of multiple religions. Chinese authorities in the Xinjiang region of the country’s West have banned citizens from practicing religion in any state-owned entities. First conquered by the Chinese in the 1st century bc , Xinjiang changed hands many times in the following centuries. In China, Chinese Police, Xinjiang, Religion Tags Detention, Uyghurs, "Re-education" ← Xinjiang & the Global Magnitsky Act What can be done regarding Xinjiang’s mass detentions? → Summary Block Things are going from bad to potentially far worse in China's western region of Xinjiang. Uighurs live for the most part in northwestern China, in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang; a small number live in the Central Asian republics. Aspects of ritual and beliefs about the afterlife exist independently of the philosophies to create religious aspects to some of China's oldest philosophical beliefs. A Turkey-based TV station run by Xinjiang exiles said almost 900,000 were detained, citing leaked government documents. This thesis critically evaluates the role of Islam and ethnic differences as driving forces of conflict in Xinjiang. Xinjiang province has been described as one of the most intensely monitored areas in the world. In response, the Communist Party has cracked down significantly on public displays of faith, including publicly fasting during Ramadan or wearing Islamic garb on The Chinese government’s purposes for rounding up a massive number of ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, most of whom practice Islam, in the two types of re-education camps are ostentatiously to force them to renounce their religion, pledge “loyalty” to the Chinese government/Chinese Communist Party, and inform on others for any suspected Chinese, American paleontologists discover two new bird-like dinosaurs in Xinjiang Chinese and American researchers have discovered two new species of dinosaur in an expedition to China's Xinjiang, according to a study published on Thursday in the journal Current Biology. The minority Turkic speaking ethno-religious group concentrated in the western Chinese province of Xinjiang has found itself under increased persecution and oversight by Chinese authorities of late as their mostly Sunni Islamic identity and separatist politics have resulted in historic tensions with the Communist government. In northwestern China, the vast Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region is home to nearly 22 million residents. culture, religion and identity from the Freedom of religion means choosing what you believe without coercion. com. The northwestern regions of China were historically Turkic-speaking, and Muslim by religion. , Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Historically, religious In the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region huge state investments, as well as the development of large oil and cotton industries, have led to economic growth and a standard of living that ranks among the highest of China's western provinces and regions. “The Chinese government protects people’s freedom of religion and people of all ethnic groups are fully entitled to freedom of religion. Religious sects like the Falun Gong have long The present-day Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China has an atheist administration under the CCP. This is why religious freedom is enshrined in the First Amendment. China's campaign of pressure against the country's Uighur Muslim minority has prevented the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang from becoming 'China's Syria' or 'China's Libya,' an official religion continues in Xinjiang as a matter of considered state policy. In recent years, modernity has swept through Kashgar, bringing waves of Han migrant workers and huge swathes of the old city have been bulldozed in the name of ‘progress’. Activists say that President Xi Jinping has engaged in the toughest suppression of religion in China since Tibet and Xinjiang are the places in China where religion currently plays the greatest political role. Xinjiang province, as a potential testing ground for the expansion and proliferation of radical extremism in response to the purported violation of humanitarian rights, which includes: denial of free practice of religion; denial of participation in politics; and persecution of a population solely "The Chinese government protects the Chinese citizens' freedom of religion and belief in accordance with law," Geng told reporters at a daily briefing. is threatening to slap new sanctions on China over Xinjiang Authorities Strengthen Controls Over Religion June 24, 2009 | Commission Analysis Xinjiang Authorities Announce Heightened Security Threat, Strengthen Security Capacity, and Continue Propaganda Campaigns A local resident who lives near the site of one of the demolished mosques commented, "The authorities destroying mosques and restricting or prohibiting Uyghurs from gathering for prayer service infringe on their freedom of religion. S. Officials in the western region of Xinjiang, home to roughly half of China’s 23 million Muslims, have released a list of banned baby names amid an ongoing crackdown on religion, according to a The main religion in the Xinjiang province in China is Islam. Religion Overview Since the July 2009 ethnic unrest in Xinjiang, religious fervor within China’s Uighur community has been rising steadily. Even a discrete degree of proselytizing, but for a government official of an officially Marxist party to practice a religion cannot be acceptable. Xinjiang, formerly known as Sinkiang, is home to 47 ethnic groups, every major religion of the world, and the descendants of four ancient civilisations: Greek, Chinese, Indian and Mesopotamian. In the far western region of Xinjiang, Uighurs and other Turkic Muslim minorities But at this moment, it’s a logical conclusion that the origin of the religion is here, not in Persia. It covers about one-sixth of the country's total territory, 1,664,900 square kilometers (about 642,821 square miles), making it the largest administrative division with also the longest land frontier and most neighboring countries in the country. The Chinese ambassador also provided assurances to facilitate the visit of a Pakistani religious delegation to the Xinjiang province. Beijing (AP) -- Authorities in China's Xinjiang region are prohibiting parents from giving children some Islamic names in the latest effort to dilute the influence of religion on life in the China has banned civil servants, students and teachers in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, a province with a large Muslim population in the northwest also known as East Turkestan, from fasting during Ramadan and has ordered restaurants to stay open. Russia & Central Asia Turbulence in China's restive far western region of Xinjiang has been caused by "external factors," a state-run newspaper said Saturday in an editorial res religion, U. Beijing has said Xinjiang faces a serious threat from Islamist militants and separatists who plot attacks and stir up tension between the Uighur minority who call the region home and members of the ethnic Han Chinese majority. RELIGION, ETHNICITY, AND ECONOMIC MARGINALIZATION AS DRIVERS OF CONFLICT IN XINJIANG A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of The School of Continuing Studies Xinjiang's natural resources are being exploited by Chinese companies and oil wealth funneled away. Two thousand Uygur live in Hunan Province. languages and that eases other cultural restrictions, particularly on religion. As China continues to transform its economy, rising tensions and spates of violence within its primarily Muslim Uighur community is causing regional Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves More Pictures As Buddhism was the first religion from abroad introduced to this area, Xinjiang witnessed the earliest development of Buddhist cave art in China. Religion should be a personnel matter. Government denies committing abuses and says legal rights of Uighur people are protected as new laws are announced. Xinjiang includes the Dzungarian Basin to the e and the Tarim Basin to the w. The Human Costs of Controlling Xinjiang. In the early 16th century, Islam finally became the main religion in Xinjiang, replacing Buddhism. “And there is a terrorist problem in Xinjiang,” adds Hu’s classmate, Kristen Xia. Culture of the Xinjiang Region Ozgun Konca. Xinjiang is the country's only autonomous region with autonomous areas at all three administrative levels (region, prefecture and county). Overview[1] . qanat) system of water supply. We read every letter, fax, or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. Without such a policy shift, as Beijing well knows, Xinjiang could become China’s Kashmir. Lunch is provided. As the call to prayer rings out, devout Muslims answer, packing China’s stout denial of the report of the UN human rights panel on the persecution of one million ethnic Uighurs in Xinjiang province is rather unlikely to convince the comity of nations. This food handout is just one of many examples in which China has tried to pressure the country’s Uighurs. ” There is little independent reporting from Xinjiang, but China routinely denies allegations of religious persecution against its Uighur population. A look at the recent history of Chinese state policy towards Islam / religion in Xinjiang, in the context of the introduction of "political re-education centres" (internment camps) and mass extra-judicial disappearances of Uyghur and Kazakh Muslims since early 2017. Freedom of worship is tolerated in China. The Regulations on Religious Affairs promulgated by the State Council of the People's Republic of China, and the Regulations of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on Religious Affairs promulgated by the local government of Xinjiang both reflect the above principles of the Constitution that "citizens enjoy freedom of religious belief" and that The Xinjiang autonomous region in China's far west has had a long history of discord between the authorities and the indigenous ethnic Uighur population. “It’s not an issue of freedom of religion,” says Dru Gladney, one of the foremost academics This photo taken on April 16, 2015 shows Uighur men praying in a mosque in Hotan, in China's western Xinjiang region. The Chinese government resolutely opposes the politicization of religious matters and any other country’s interference in China’s internal affairs in the name of religion. In Xinjiang, there is already considerable resentment over the control being exercised over the practise of Islam, such as the growing of beards, observation of fasts during Ramazan, the wearing of the Hijab, dietary restrictions like consumption of Halal food, prayers five times a day and so forth. The local Xinjiang authorities, which have demonstrated their ability to impose jarring regulations on Islamic practices in the region, could pass laws requiring the mosques to open their doors to The U. N. " brings together 15 of the world's experts on Xinjiang, and the Muslim ethnic minorities that live there, and provides for a broad survey of a region of China's north-west that has been, for centuries, at the very crossroads of civilisations. CPC members believe Xinjiang, among other autonomous regions, requires even more work to be made to conform to Wang’s mandate, Su Wei, professor of the Party School of the CPC Chongqing Committee, told the Global Times. Unemployment and II. religion Shamanism was the prominent religion in the region Buddhism dominated the region. [38] Taken together, these regional Muslims in China’s far-western state of Xinjiang have been hit with bans on beards, veils as well as fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. However, in order to mobilize and create a legitimate Xinjiang independence movement, the Uyghur population must elect a leader within the Xinjiang population. China targets parents with religion rules in Xinjiang. Buddhism entered the country through this western region and, later, Islam. Public By Ilham Tohti, translated by Cindy Carter, published: April 26, 2015 Continued from I. Xinjiang is famous as part of China’s Silk Road. From July 2015 to August 2016, Mu Qian did fieldwork in Northwestern China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region for his PhD research on music and meaning in Uyghur Sufism. A Chinese campaign to forcibly assimilate ethnic Uyghurs in its north-western province of Xinjiang in a bid to erase nationalist sentiment, counter militancy, and create an ‘Uyghur Islam with Chinese characteristics’ ignores lessons learnt not only from recent Chinese history but also the "Xinjiang: China's Muslim borderland. Religion. official expressed concern about reports that Beijing had “turned the Uighur autonomous region into something that resembles a massive internment camp. Initially, the CCP believed that enforcing official atheism would be counterproductive in Xinjiang, where Islam is a staple of cultural life A lecture by Mu Qian, PhD candidate at SOAS, University of London. This is because religion in those territories has been recognized as the essence of national culture, creating a situation similar to that of late-Communist Poland, where even atheists paid homage to the national Catholic faith. With their own set of ethnic characteristics including language, culture, religion and territory, . Xinjiang became part of China in the 18th century and an independence movement, which declared a state of East Turkestan in the region, was crushed by Chinese authorities in 1949. Additionally, the Communist Party HRW claims that repression in Xinjiang has reached new heights after party secretary Chen Quanquo was transferred from Tibet to Xinjiang in August 2016, and since Xi came to power in March 2013. Urumqi Salar Mosque, built in 1865 Uyghurs argue that they, and their Muslim religion, are being systematically oppressed by the Chinese government. Regarding Muslims, Beijing fears that the The case in Xinjiang seems to be a case of double think. The far western region is home to a community of some 10 million Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim. No faith should be enforced by law or sword. Similarly, Xinjiang banned the practicing of religion in government buildings, as well as wearing clothes or logos associated with religious extremism, last November. Politics China blames UN ‘1m Uygurs in camps’ claim on ulterior motives 14 Aug 2018. Major religion Islam . Our source also confirmed that the action Xinjiang: Restrictions on religion may lead to 'Uighur radicalization' A city in China's Xinjiang province has temporarily banned people with veils, head scarves and long beards from boarding buses. Because China is a Communist country, the law, which will take effect on January 1, 2015, likely pertains to all property. The BBC sets out why. Reports Muslims in China and their Relations with the State . In 2017, indictments in Xinjiang accounted for approximately 13% of all indictments in China, a figure far out of proportion given the region’s population. Xinjiang is home to a Uighur Muslim separatist movement and the Chinese government has previously claimed citizens from Xinjiang have left to the Middle East to join the Islamic State. This is a giant increase from the 100,000-500,000 yuan ($15,307-$76,538) offered in 2014 by the police in Xinjiang’s capital, Urumqi. The company recently got authorization from Volkswagen Deutschland for the move, said Fu Xuejun, the Xinjiang company's general manager. A Chinese campaign to forcibly assimilate ethnic Uyghurs in its north-western province of Xinjiang in a bid including the fallout of selective support for militants and of religion to Image caption The BBC's China Editor Carrie Gracie recently paid a visit to Kashgar city in the Xinjiang region 'Triple evil' I was in Kashgar to tackle one of the hardest China stories to cover. government should continue to publicly and privately call out China for its human rights abuses in Xinjiang, and continue to urge Chinese authorities to respect the religious freedom and Reports out of Xinjiang Province on China’s western frontier say that up to one million Muslim Uighurs, the indigenous ethnic group of that region, are being held in detention camps. Xinjiang: Xinjiang, autonomous region of China, occupying the northwestern corner of the country. An AP review of procurement notices in Xinjiang has found that since the start of last year, the government has budgeted more than $30 million (200 million Chinese yuan) to build or expand at Since last spring, Chinese authorities in the heavily Muslim region of Xinjiang have ensnared tens, possibly hundreds of thousands of Muslim Chinese — and even foreign citizens — in mass China says Islamist separatists in Xinjiang are the greatest threat to national security. " Xinjiang History. First set up in 1884 as a province of the Qing Dynasty , it was replaced in 1955 by the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China . , terrorism, rights Uighur, Chinese (Pinyin) Weiwu’er, also spelled Uygur or Uyghur, a Turkic-speaking people of interior Asia. In addition, the Xinjiang Regulations on Religious Affairs were passed in 2014, replacing an outdated 1994 version, further imposing restrictions on religion. In the northwest Chinese region of Xinjiang, many locals read endlessly, write often, and sing loudly. The Chinese government posted statements banning the Hui can practice their religion, build Mosques, and have their children attend Mosques, while more controls are placed specifically on Uyghurs in Xinjiang. Its immediate precursor was a product of the expansion of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) during the eighteenth century. Why Xinjiang Matters “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is bordered by the Chinese provinces of Qinghai and Gansu to the east, the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south, Afghanistan and the disputed territory of Kashmir to the southwest, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan Officials in the western region of Xinjiang, home to roughly half of China’s 23 million Muslims, have released a list of banned baby names amid an ongoing crackdown on religion, according to a The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang for short) is located in northwest China. FILE PHOTO: Police officers check the identity cards of a people as security forces keep watch in a street in Kashgar, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, March 24, 2017. As China grows and becomes more vested in the global system, its continued stability is in the interest of the international community. A total of 362,872 individuals were indicted between 2013 and 2017, an increase of 237% from the total number of indictments between 2008-2012. In April, the Xinjiang regional government announced rewards of up to 5 million yuan ($765,386) for tips about possible attacks or plots in the region. Repression in China and Its Consequences in Xinjiang. religion and stop “extremists” spreading ChinaAid (Urumqi, Xinjiang—July 1, 2018) Officials in China’s Xinjiang region are routinely arresting innocent Muslim ethnic minorities and forcing them to undergo indoctrination and torture, according to a Radio Free Asia report. Xinjiang: Beyond Race, Religion and Place of Origin is a contemporary documentary literature work, and is a sequel to I Am from Xinjiang on the Silk Road, a bestseller of China in 2015. In northern Xinjiang, the Qing brought in Han, Hui, Uyghur, Xibe, Daurs, Solons, Turkic Muslim Taranchis and Kazakh colonists, with one third of Xinjiang's total population consisting of Hui and Han in the northern area, while around two thirds were Uyghurs in southern Xinjiang's Tarim Basin. The oasis at Turpan, located in the desert expanse of northwestern China (PRC), owes it surprisingly lush green environment to the karez (a. When it comes to the composition of deputies to the China respects the freedom of religious belief of aliens within Chinese territory and protects their friendly contacts and cultural and academic exchanges with Chinese religious circles with respect to religion. ” Mahire Emet / Mayire Ametjan / 马依热·艾买提江 / ماھىرە ئەمەت (born 24 May 1987, Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China) is an Uyghur dancer, actress and singer, a member of the all-female uyghur group Gul Yaru from Xinjiang. 27, 2018. Though Islam is legal in China, our Observers say that the authorities in the Xinjiang region are increasingly clamping down on the religion and its followers. Xinjiang is home to the Uighurs, a largely Muslim, Turkic-speaking group as well as a growing number of Han Chinese migrants who have poured into the region which borders Pakistan, Afghanistan and If China thinks it will gain control of Xinjiang by trying to obliterate all remnants of religion, it errs gravely. Istanbul, Turkey - In April 2017, Tarim, a 48-year-old businessman from Urumqi, the capital of China's Muslim Xinjiang region, received a phone call from the police summoning him to their offices Written by Joanne Smith Finley. The government and the party will take care of you. China created a new terrorist threat by repressing secessionist fervor in its western frontier the region of northwest China officially called the Xinjiang Uyghur religion, and movement Religion is a huge part of Uyghur identity, as the foundation of the group's history, culture, and language. As recently reported in the press, since Spring 2017, hundreds of thousands of Uyghurs and other minority Muslims in Xinjiang have “disappeared” into “political re-education centres,”euphemistically labelled mäktäp (Uy. Uyghur Muslim violence in Xinjiang, China, has two justifications—ethnic separatism and religious rhetoric. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has, since ancient times, been populated by many ethnic groups, including a great number of nomadic tribes and nations. But not by choice. Xinjiang is an autonomous region within the People’s Republic of China (PRC). (Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images) “We have a campaign to weaken religion Xinjiang was a key link on the Silk Road and a hub for east-west cultural exchanges in ancient times. Key Points. Government attempts to favor the minorities have included the establishment of "autonomous" minority adminstrative units at three levels: the region (comparable to a province and of which five have been designated), the prefecture (zhou), and the county (xian). Now, under new regulations implemented last fall, their ability to travel apparently is being restricted, with residents of western Xinjiang province required to hand over their passports to police for "safekeeping. The ethnic protests and clashes in China's westernmost region of Xinjiang on 5-6 July 2009 and the following days have caused around 200 deaths. Her height is 173 cm. Xinjiang region News - Find Xinjiang region latest News and Headlines today along with Xinjiang region Photos and Videos at HindustanTimes. History of Xinjiang. Although the PRC will strongly oppose this leader, possessing a leader will illustrate a legitimate attempt for independence and will provide a face for the movement. schools) by frightened locals. After that, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism and Nestorianism, the main religions of the Uygur and other ethnic groups, gradually disappeared in Xinjiang, but Buddhism and Taoism continued to make themselves felt. REUTERS/Thomas Peter The Uyghur in Xinjiang, like other Muslim minorities throughout China, saw their religious texts and mosques destroyed, their religious leaders persecuted, and individual adherents punished. Religion is a unique angle to look at Xinjiang and Xinjiang is also an enlightening place to understand religions. GETTY China's crackdown on religion: Amnesty's William Nee says there are a number of underground Another defensive strategy employed by China involves comparing the Xinjiang crackdown to measures taken by other governments to combat Islamic extremism, which China’s apologists keep bringing up as the major issue in Xinjiang, even though they also insist their government is committed to religious freedom. Islam came quite late Essentially, Xinjiang separatists argue that their state was illegally annexed by China. Wary Of Unrest Among Uighur Minority, China Locks Down Xinjiang Region : Parallels Following riots and attacks in past years, residents of Urumqi, the capital of the western region, now live and China's policy of "Sinification" of religion has increasingly alarmed many in other Muslim groups, who fear the government is widening strict curbs in Xinjiang to additional Muslim areas, such as Xinjiang Human rights in China Religion in China. Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China Elizabeth Van Wie Davis Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies January 2008. They are [quick to] react with fighting instead of words,” says Vivian Hu, a student at a local university. A police patrol walk in front of the Id Kah Mosque in the old city of Kashgar, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, March 22, 2017. A ethnic Uyghur woman sweeps outside her house on July 1, 2017 in the old town of Kashgar, in the far western Xinjiang province, China. to allow monitors into Xinjiang, with In a remote corner of northwest China, a recently excavated 3,000-year-old sun altar offers clues to how the region's tribal cultures practiced religion thousands of years ago. Xinjiang, the largest region of China, is bordered by eight countries including the former Soviet Central Asian republics, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in the central part of the Eurasian Continent, on the northwest border of China. Bilingual Education III. ” For years, Beijing has sought to counteract separatist moods among Uyghurs in Xinjiang, where rioting left some 200 people, mainly Han Chinese, dead in 2009. The evolution of religions in Xinjiang went through four stages: the stage of primitive religion, the formation stage for the coexistence of a variety of religions with Buddhism as the major one, the evolution stage for the coexistence of many religions with Islam and Buddhism as the two major ones, and the development stage for the coexistence While observers have expressed alarm that Xinjiang may be functioning as a pilot region for surveillance, of increasing concern is the expansion of the Xinjiang model to non-Uyghur Muslims such as In Turpan and Hami, religion is viewed more positively by China than religion in Kashgar and Khotan in southern Xinjiang. Xinjiang lies at the heart of the ancient Silk Road and at the intersection of China and the Middle East. Xinjiang remains one of the pivotal crossroads of China and Central Asia, and has only been intermittently under Chinese influence and control during relatively recent times in its 3000-year history. It marked a buffer zone outside the official gateway into China which was at Jiayugyuan in neighboring Gansu. Kilic Kanat . One freedom Apartheid with Chinese characteristics China has turned Xinjiang into a police state like no other. Their land is being taken, their language repressed, their religion suppressed, and their Uighurs also have a hard time getting passports to travel abroad, especially to go on the hajj. Many Uygurs resent restrictions on their culture and religion, and complain they are denied economic opportunities amid an influx of majority Han Chinese into Xinjiang. Xinjiang, which borders Pakistan and Muslim-majority nations including Kazakhstan, is home to the greatest concentration of Muslims in China because of its significant ethnic Uyghur population. 1 across the so-called "Quran Belt" that stretches across four northwestern provinces including Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia. Religion and philosophy are often intertwined in China. Xinjiang is a large autonomous region in the country’s northwest bordering the former Soviet Central Asian republics, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Residents of the majority- Muslim province of Xinjiang in China are not being allowed to celebrate their religious holiday this year. The local folklore is rich and varied. Chinese forcing Muslims to disavow religion in brutal camps . The latest anti-terrorism regulation in the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region will help to prevent terrorists from using religion to lure people into terrorist activities, anti-terrorism experts Genuine freedom of religion, which includes the right to manifest, in public or private, alone or in community with others, one's religion or belief in worship, observance, practice, and teaching, is plainly absent for Uighurs in Xinjiang. Xinjiang Party chief Zhang Chunxian has recently warned of an escalation of “infiltration and sabotage activities in the name of religion” and called the battle with extremism a “serious The minority Turkic speaking ethno-religious group concentrated in the western Chinese province of Xinjiang has found itself under increased persecution and oversight by Chinese authorities of late as their mostly Sunni Islamic identity and separatist politics have resulted in historic tensions with the Communist government. According to Beijing, this step is one of many in the government's crackdown on religious extremism. By the end of the 19th century, 13 major China’s war against religion: ‘Unauthorised’ churches stormed in bid to impose Communist Party control. allowing others to preach religion, asking where one’s relatives are and failing to recite Census of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region According to estimates projected from a random sample of the population at the end of 2003, the total population of Xinjiang was some 19,339,500. You can clearly see the new Buddhist temple (probably finished its construction by now) next to the motorway at Mannas. As China’s western-most province, Xinjiang is an important region for the Chinese Communist Party, both economically and strategically. AP Topics: world-politics , religion-and-beliefs , islam , china , asia Reports reaching us from Reuters says indigenes of Niya County in the deep south of Xinjiang held a beer drinking festival during Ramadan preparations. Unless Pakistan Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang region, the world’s most surveilled area, according to the Wall Street Journal (Photo: World Watch Monitor) More than 100 Christians have been sent to “re-education” camps in China’s north-western Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the past few months Uighurs and China’s Xinjiang Region. Although religious education for children is officially forbidden by law in China, the Communist party allows Hui Muslims to have their children educated in the religion and attend Mosques. Kevin Frayer/Getty Images Parents and guardians in China's heavily Muslim region of Xinjiang who encourage or force their children into religious activities will be reported to the police, the government said on Wednesday Authorities in Ili prefecture, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region hold a public hearing Tuesday at a stadium to pronounce sentences for 55 involved in terrorist activities. China needs to realize that accommodating the deep roots of faith in its people is in China’s own self-interest. It explains key changes in official terminology that signal important policy shifts and describes the Local villager Yonghong stands in a log cabin in the village of Khom in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, on Jan. “Xinjiang people have a temper and they speak very loud. The Uyghurs, who reside throughout the immediate region, are the largest Turkic ethnic group living in Xinjiang and are overwhelmingly Muslim. a. According to the map, the two poorest parts of China are in southern Gansu province, an area demographically dominated by Han Chinese, and in southwestern Xinjiang, an area demographically dominated by Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking, Sunni Muslim people. Uyghurs in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region say that authorities are continuing a campaign to destroy mosques as part of a wider crackdown on their religion, contradicting a China urged the United States on Wednesday to abandon its "prejudice" over Xinjiang, as the Trump administration considers sanctions against Chinese officials and companies linked to allegations Officials oversee a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the opening of a political 're-education camp' in the Xinjiang's Korla city, in June 2018. Nevertheless, Uyghur people in Xinjiang are predominantly Sunni Muslims and their personal lives revolve around Islamic daily practices. Christianity in Xinjiang is the religion of 1% of the population according to the Chinese General Social Survey of 2009. China is guilty of massive human rights violation in Xinjiang province, which borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and India’s Leh district to the south, Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north Why Xinjiang Matter$ Four times the size of California, Xinjiang is a strategically situated “autonomous” region in northwest China that borders Russia, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, and four other countries. The Chinese Communist Party continues to develop expansive legal and political frameworks that repress the cultural and religious freedoms of its Uyghur population in Xinjiang province. xinjiang religion